Mitigating the impacts of residues generation is one major concerns of Eurofarma, thus betting in partnerships, researches and investments in technologies.
Eurofarma works constantly to diminish waste generation and improve the final disposal, to reduce the environmental and financial impacts, once the production of residues is the main environmental impact of its industrial and commercial activities. In 2015, a new Waste Center was inaugurated in the Industrial Complex of Itapevi, which accounts for approximately 80% of the production of the company’s medications. The area comprises different locations for the storage of organic, recyclable and hazardous residues (solids, liquids and infectious), enabling an improvement in the operational management.
To mitigate the impacts of waste generation, Eurofarma has done pioneering partnerships with universities to find practical solutions to facilitate the decontamination of the primary packages of medicines by consumers themselves. The aim is to enable the allocation for the urban selective collection system. To date, this residue is classified as hazardous, being directed to thermal destruction.
The company uses a computerized system for residues control in SAP, enabling greater reliability in operating controls and in the traceability of residues discarded by industrial processes.
Hazardous residues: the final disposal – incineration and co-processing
Currently, the volume allocated for co-processing is 96%. This method which recycles hazardous residues – with high combustion power – is considered less polluting, since it uses cement kilns in the process of waste burning, with the use of the energy released. In the other case, incineration, residues burning is made in own furnaces and plants, destroying microorganisms that cause diseases. The resultant material that burns (ashes) is sent to landfills, an effective procedure, but more polluting and on average 60% more expensive.
Hazardous residues: cells and batteries
Eurofarma offers in its Units collectors for receiving cells and batteries, both from employees and service providers and visitors. The materials are intended for reprocessing, which consists in drying/calcination process, chemical reaction, grinding, balancing, formulation and mixtures of metallic oxides and salts extracted. The product obtained in this process is intended for use, for example, in colorants.
Since 2002, the selective collection program has operated in the company, with collectors installed in all units. Education and awareness campaigns with employees are also held each year, in order to encourage a change of behavior inside and outside the company’s facilities. To encourage the practice, all the revenue collected from the sale of collected recyclables is reversed for the Hand in hand with the school program, which benefits employees.
Damaged pallets and wood packaging from the Industrial Complex of Itapevi are intended for the grinding process and transformation through biomass (renewable energy source) aiming at energy generation. This technology is more economical and causes less impact to the environment, for not depending on burning diesel oil, natural gas and other energy resources considered more pollutants.